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Kidney Cancer: Symptoms, Signs, Causes & Treatment

Kidney cancer, also known as renal cancer, is a condition that develops when abnormal cells in the kidneys begin to grow uncontrollably. Understanding the symptoms, risk factors, and available treatments is crucial for the early detection and effective management of this disease. Furthermore, the role of robotic surgery, specifically Nephron Sparing Surgery (NSS), has revolutionized the treatment approach, offering patients a minimally invasive and highly precise option.
Symptoms of Kidney Cancer:
Kidney cancer often does not cause noticeable symptoms in its early stages. However, as the disease progresses, individuals may experience:
Blood in the urine (hematuria)
Persistent pain in the side or lower back
Unexplained weight loss
Swelling in the legs or ankles
Risk Factors Associated with Kidney Cancer:
While the exact cause of kidney cancer is not fully understood, several risk factors have been identified, including:
High blood pressure
Family history of kidney cancer
Certain genetic conditions, such as von Hippel-Lindau disease and hereditary papillary renal cell carcinoma
Causes of Kidney Cancer in Females:
The causes of kidney cancer in females are similar to those in males, including lifestyle factors like smoking and obesity, as well as genetic predispositions. Hormonal factors may also play a role in the development of kidney cancer in females. Estrogen, a key hormone in the female reproductive system, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of renal cell carcinoma (RCC), the most common type of kidney cancer. Studies suggest that increased estrogen levels may promote the growth and proliferation of renal cells, potentially contributing to the initiation and progression of kidney cancer. Additionally, hormonal fluctuations during menopause or hormone replacement therapy (HRT) may alter the hormonal milieu and influence the risk of developing kidney cancer in females. Understanding these hormonal factors is essential for elucidating the complex mechanisms underlying kidney cancer development in women.
Treatment Options:
Treatment for kidney cancer depends on various factors, including the stage of the disease, overall health, and personal preferences. Options may include:
Surgery: The primary treatment for localized kidney cancer involves surgical removal of the tumor, either partially (NSS) or entirely (radical nephrectomy).
Targeted Therapy: Medications that target specific abnormalities within cancer cells may be used to slow the growth of advanced kidney cancer.
Immunotherapy: This treatment stimulates the body's immune system to recognize and destroy cancer cells.
Radiation Therapy: High-energy beams are used to kill cancer cells or shrink tumors.
Role of Robotic Surgery - Nephron Sparing Surgery (NSS):
Robotic surgery, particularly NSS, has emerged as a preferred option for treating kidney cancer, offering several advantages over traditional open surgery, including:
Minimally invasive approach with smaller incisions
Enhanced precision and accuracy, leading to better preservation of healthy kidney tissue
Reduced blood loss, postoperative pain, and recovery time
Decreased possibility of side effects including infection and scarring
Renowned urologists of the World of Urology- Dr Mohan Keshavamurthy, Dr Shreeharsha Harinatha, and Dr Santosh Kumar Subudhi have extensive experience in performing successful robotic surgeries for kidney cancer treatment. Their dedication to provide the highest calibre of medical care guarantees that patients everywhere have access to the greatest urological care and knowledge. Through cutting-edge technology and a patient-centric approach, they address a myriad of urological conditions with utmost precision and compassion. If you are looking for the best urology doctor in Bengaluru to address concerns regarding kidney cancer and the associated treatment options available you can  book an appointment  online  now.